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Dr. Leroy Frederick Anderson papers

Identifier: AMN 1145

Collection Overview

The collection is divided into four (4) series:

Series 1: Biographical Documents Holds resumes/curriculum vitae; photocopied documents pertaining to Anderson's service in The Army of the United States; Anderson's Fisk University thesis; and brief personal photographs.

Series 2: Professional Career Divided into several subseries and subgroups, the series holds instructional documents pertaining to Anderson's position as Director of Institutional Research at South Carolina State College; administrative materials and photographs from Anderson tenure as Executive Director of Franklin C. Fetter Family Health Center, Incorporated; memorandums and meeting minutes pertaining to Anderson's faculty position at the Medical University of South Carolina; correspondence, reports, manuals, site reviews and travel expense reports related to Anderson's consultant work with various departments within the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW). Correspondence includes letters and memorandums from noted psychotherapists, Dr. Lonnie E. Mitchell, (Chief of the Training and Education Section division of Narcotic Addiction and Drug Abuse (NIMH); and Dr. Gerald G. DeAngelis, (Deputy Director, University of California, Los Angeles Drug Treatment Program). Also included are reports, proposals, correspondence and syllabi, regarding Anderson's independent consultant work with schools and medical institutions including Metro Health Associates, Incorporated (Washington, D.C.); Latta Area Schools (South Carolina); the Sea Island Comprehensive Health Care Corporation (Johns Island, South Carolina); Commissioners of Public Works (Charleston, South Carolina) and the College of Charleston's Upward Bound Program.

Series 3: Member Affiliations Contains speech transcripts, board meeting minutes, and newsletters from Anderson's involvement with the Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture; Voorhees College (South Carolina); Fisk University, and Prince Hall Lodge #46. Of note is Anderson's vision for the Avery Research Center in his 1988 keynote address to board members entitled, "Developmental Tasks for All of Us to Assure the Future of Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture.'"

Series 4: Various Materials Contains typescript and brochures from the Amistad Research Center, (Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana).


  • Creation: 1942-1990, undated
  • Creation: Majority of material found within 1973-1975


Access Restrictions

The Dr. Leroy Frederic Anderson Papers are open and available for use.

Copyright Notice

The nature of the Avery Research Center's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Avery Research Center claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Biographical Note

Leroy Frederick Anderson (1916-1989) was born to James William and Anna Pettigru Anderson, in Charleston, South Carolina. A graduate of Avery Institute (Class of 1935), Anderson earned his bachelor's (1939), and master's degrees (1948), from Fisk University and a Doctorate of Education from the University of Kentucky (1962). He also served with the United States Army during World War II (1940-1946).

Throughout his life, Anderson demonstrated extensive experience working within the medical profession and education as a chief administrator, college professor and consultant to departments of the United States government. Among the numerous positions held, Anderson's major appointments include supervising principal at W. Gresham Meggett School on James Island, South Carolina (1953-1960); chairman of the Department of Education and Psychology and director of institutional research at South Carolina State College (1964-1967); executive director of the Franklin C. Fetter Health Center, Incorporated concurrently teaching as a clinical associate professor of psychology at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC-Charleston, 1968-1981).

During the late 1960s to early 1970s, Anderson was involved with the ongoing reorganization at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), under the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW). He first served as director to the Leadership Training Institute for Career Opportunities Programs (Division of School Programs, Office of Education, HEW, 1968-1973). As a consultant to departments within the NIMH, Anderson advised the Training and Education Branch, (1973-1975); the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), and the National Training Center on Drug Abuse (1973-1974); and the Drug Dependence Institute (DDI, 1973-1974).

Recognized for his outstanding professional and civic achievements, Anderson received South Carolina's highest civilian honor, the Order of the Palmetto in 1980. Civically, Anderson served on numerous boards including the Avery Institute for Afro-American History and Culture, Voorhees College (Denmark, South Carolina) and the Charleston Area Arts Council. Anderson was a golden life member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated, and a member of the Athenians Social Club.

He was married to Melicent Olphin Anderson and the couple had three children.


"A Celebration of the Life of Dr. Leroy Frederick Anderson" Funeral obloquies, 7 Oct 1989.

National Institute of Mental Health. "Organization -The NIH Almanac." Web. Accessed 14 Jan 2015.


2.92 linear feet (7 archival boxes)

Language of Materials



Leroy Frederick Anderson (1916-1989), was an educator, behavioral scientist and medical administrator. Born in Charleston, South Carolina, Anderson was a graduate of Avery Institute, (Class of 1935), Fisk University and the University of Kentucky where he acquired a Doctor of Education degree. During his illustrious career, Anderson was supervising principal at W. Gresham Meggett School (James Island, South Carolina); executive director of Franklin C. Fetter Family Health Center, Incorporated, (Charleston, South Carolina); clinical associate professor of psychology at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), and consultant to the Training and Education Branch, United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) and its various divisions pertaining to education, mental health and drug abuse. The collection contains biographical documents, correspondence, reports, training manuals written by Anderson; meeting minutes, brief photographs and collected materials relating to Anderson's personal life and professional career. The bulk of this collection are documents (correspondence, reports, training manuals, newsletters, and travel expense reports) from Anderson's involvement as a consultant to the Office of Education and the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) and its branches from 1973 to 1975.

Collection Arrangement

Series 1: Biographical Documents

Series 2: Professional Career

Series 3: Civic Affiliations and Involvement

Series 4: Various Materials

Acquisitions Information

Papers were donated by Melicent Olphin Anderson, 23 April 1992.

Processing Information

Processed by Georgette Mayo, January 2015

Edited by Aaron Spelbring, January 2015

Encoded by Aaron Spelbring, January 2015

Dr. Leroy Frederick Anderson papers AMN 1145
Finding aid prepared by Georgette Mayo
January 2015
Description rules
Language of description
Script of description
Language of description note
Description is in English

Repository Details

Part of the Avery Research Center for African American History and Culture Repository

125 Bull Street
Charleston South Carolina 29424 United States