Herbert U. Fielding papers
This collection documents Herbert U. Fielding's professional activities from the 1960s to 1990s, including his involvement with the Civil Rights Movement, Fielding Home for Funerals, and his political career. Topics from materials relating to Fielding's pre-political career include the founding of the Charleston Political Action Committee, Fielding Home for Funerals, and various race relations issues in South Carolina. Materials relating to Fielding's terms in the South Carolina House of Representatives and South Carolina State Senate include constituent correspondence, correspondence among various public figures in South Carolina, committee work, speeches, campaign materials, and other materials. Topics of particular interest include African American representation in politics, revenue sharing in South Carolina, activities of the South Carolina Legislative Black Caucus, Congressional remapping of South Carolina District 6 from 1973 to 1992, and Fielding's 1992 exploratory committee and campaign for Representative of South Carolina District 6. The collection also includes local newspaper clippings documenting Fielding's professional life along with articles representing his and other South Carolina legislators' positions on various local political issues. Also included are Fielding's speeches, given between 1971 and 2005. The topic of these speeches ranges from local political issues to tributes to various public figures or addresses at social functions.
- Majority of material found within 1960-1992
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Herbert Ulysses G. Fielding was born on July 6, 1923 in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of Julius P. L. and Sadie E. Gaillard Fielding. He received his early education in Charleston and afterward served in the United States Army during World War II. In 1948, he received a B.S. from West Virginia State College. When he returned to Charleston from service in World War II, Fielding assumed part responsibility of his family's business, the Fielding Home for Funerals. The business was co-founded in 1912 by Fielding's father and is still operated by the Fielding family, with Herbert serving as a Director.
In 1965, Herbert Fielding founded the Political Action Committee of Charleston County. This organization worked to provide voter education and to promote the employment of African Americans on voter registration boards and school trustee boards.
In 1970, Fielding became one of the first African American legislators elected in South Carolina since Reconstruction when he won a seat in the South Carolina House of Representatives. He was elected for the House again in 1972 and 1982, then served in the South Carolina State Senate for District #42 (Charleston County) in 1984 and 1988. He was chairman of the South Carolina Senate Delegation from 1989 to 1992 and chairman of the South Carolina Legislative Black Caucus from 1990 to 1992. In the State Senate, he was a member of six standing committees, the General Committee; Banking and Insurance; Finance; Fish, Game, and Forestry; Invitations; and Labor, Commerce, and Industry. He also served on three special committees: the Human Resources Committee of the Southern Legislative Conference, the Joint Committee on Federal Aid to South Carolina, and the Joint Committee on Mental Health and Retardation.
In 1992, Fielding ran in the Democratic Primary for the United States Congress, seeking to represent South Carolina District 6, which had been newly reapportioned as a black majority district. After losing the race to Jim Clyburn, Herbert Fielding retired from his political career.
Fielding has been active in the Calvary Episcopal Church of Charleston, South Carolina Human Affairs Commission, South Carolina Coastal Council, South Carolina Commission for Vocational Rehabilitation, Trident Chamber of Commerce, Trident Council on Alcoholism, and Omega Psi Phi Fraternity. He has served on the Board of Directors of the Sea Island Comprehensive Health Care Corporation, as president of the Robert Gould Shaw Boys Club, as a member of the University of South Carolina Budget Board, and founder and co-chairman of the Charleston County Political Action Committee.
Fielding is married to Thelma Erenne Stent and they have three sons, Julius P. L. II, Herbert Stent, and Frederick Augustus.
SOURCES: (1) Professional Biography, Herbert U. Fielding Papers, Avery Research Center, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA. (2) Fielding Home for Funerals: http://www.fieldingfuneral.com/contact.htm
4.75 linear feet (10 boxes)
Language of Materials
Herbert U. Fielding (born 1923), an African American, was a South Carolina Congressman and Senator. Fielding has also led the family business, the Fielding Home for Funerals in Charleston, South Carolina. The collection documents Herbert U. Fielding's professional activities and political career from 1960 to 1992, with some material extending to 2006. Materials include professional and constituent correspondence, speeches, campaign materials, bills and resolutions, newspaper clippings, and other materials. Major topics include the founding of the Political Action Committee of Charleston County, South Carolina; federal revenue sharing; South Carolina race relations and politics, including the representation of African Americans in politics and professional organizations; and the racial reapportionment of South Carolina District 6, including Fielding's exploratory committee and primary campaign materials.
1. Professional Activities, 1960-1974 and 1990
2. Professional and Constituent Correspondence, 1988-1992
3. Subject Files, 1984-2007
4. Speeches, 1971-2005
5. Clippings and Other Materials, 1976-2007 and undated
- African American orators -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- 20th century
- African American politicians -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- 20th century
- Apportionment (Election law) -- South Carolina
- Clyburn, James
- Fielding, Herbert U., 1923-2015
- Gerrymandering -- South Carolina
- Political action committees -- South Carolina -- Charleston
- Revenue sharing -- Law and legislation -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- 20th century
- South Carolina -- Politics and government -- 1951-
- South Carolina -- Race relations -- History -- 20th century
- South Carolina. General Assembly -- Committees
- South Carolina. General Assembly -- Resolutions
- South Carolina. General Assembly. House of Representatives
- South Carolina. General Assembly. House of Representatives. Judiciary Committee
- South Carolina. General Assembly. Senate
- Southern States -- Race relations -- History -- 20th century
- United States. Congress -- Elections, 1992
- Inventory of the Herbert U. Fielding Papers, 1960 - 2007 AMN 1108
- Finding aid prepared by Aaron Spelbring
- Description rules
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- 2012: Finding aid was revised