Albert Gosschalk papers
Photographs, silver objects, and other papers of Albert Gosschalk, a Jewish resistance fighter during World War II from the Netherlands. Materials relate to the families of Gosschalk and his wife, Theodora "Doris" van Blankenstein Gosschalk and their lives before, during, and after World War II. Also included is a 1991 videocassette interview of Gosschalk about his experiences in the Netherlands during the war.
- Gosschalk, Albert, 1920-1991 (Person)
Language of Material
Materials in English and Dutch
This collection is open for research.
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Albert Gosschalk was born in Wijhe, the Netherlands, in 1920. By 1923, he and his family had moved to Deventer, the Netherlands, where he was the only Jew in his school class. In 1939, after finishing school, he obtained an apprenticeship in the meatpacking business, in order to learn the family trade.
In 1940, after the German occupation of the Netherlands, Gosschalk went into hiding with his wife, Doris. After brief stays with several Dutch families willing to hide them for money, the couple moved to a small wooden cottage in the woods outside of Deventer. Gosschalk took part in the Dutch resistance movement. Both he and his wife were captured and arrested in January 1945 after a failed resistance effort to blow up a nearby railroad.
The Gosschalks spent the rest of the war imprisoned by the Nazis, first in a local jail and then at Westerbork concentration camp in the Netherlands. After the camp was liberated by the Allies in April 1945, Gosschalk was chosen to help prepare the camp to house imprisoned Dutch Nazis and assist in its operation. He served in this capacity for three months before returning to Deventer with his wife and infant daughter. The family eventually joined Gosschalk's brother in the United States in 1951 and settled in Charleston, South Carolina, around 1962.
0.25 linear feet (5 folders, 1 videocassette)
Photographs, silver objects, and other papers of Albert Gosschalk, a Jewish resistance fighter during World War II from the Netherlands. Materials relate to the families of Gosschalk and his wife, Theodora "Doris" van Blankenstein Gosschalk and their lives before, during, and after World War II.
Materials are described at the folder level.
Materials donated in 2008 by Frieda Gosschalk Bernstein and Josine Gosschalk Reavis.
Processed by Rebecca McClure, March 2011.
- Gosschalk, Albert, 1920-1991
- Gosschalk, Theodora van Blankenstein, 1922-2001
- Holocaust survivors
- Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
- Netherlands -- History -- German occupation, 1940-1945
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Atrocities
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Jewish resistance -- Netherlands
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Underground movements -- Netherlands
- black-and-white negatives
- black-and-white slides
- coin silver
- facsimiles (reproductions)
- pillboxes (containers)
- Inventory of the Albert Gosschalk Papers, 1835-2008
- Processed by: Rebecca McClure; machine-readable finding aid created by: Rebecca McClure
- Description rules
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources supported the processing of this collection and encoding of the finding aid.