Martha Mondschein Bauer papers
Correspondence, photographs, and memoirs of Martha Mondschein Bauer, a Jewish nurse who escaped Germany by becoming a volunteer nurse in England and the Dominican Republic. Included is correspondence regarding her brother and her husband's parents, photographs of Mondschein's and Bauer's family members, and her husband Felix Bauer's memoir. This memoir includes two other recollections, one of an unnamed sister-in-law of a close friend who was deported to the Risa ghetto and Kaiserwald concentration camp, and the other of Johann Zelenka, an Austrian friend conscripted into the German army.
- Bauer, Martha Mondschein, 1915-2011 (Person)
Language of Material
Materials in English, German, and Czech
This collection is open for research.
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Martha Mondschein Bauer was born on January 16, 1915, in Kassel, Germany. She received her training as a nurse at the Jewish Hospital in Cologne. In 1939, Bauer left Germany for England, where she worked as a nurse on a children's ward and learned English from her patients.
The United Kingdom ordered all enemy aliens to be interned in 1940, and Mondschein was deported to the Isle of Man and then moved to London, where she stayed during the London Blitz. She later agreed to go to the Dominican Republic, a neutral country, traveling on a ship protected by a naval convoy from England to the United States.
After a ten-day stay at Ellis Island, Mondschein obtained a transfer to the Dominican Republic and arrived in Sosúa, where she was located in a settlement of approximately 200 refugees. As a nurse, she worked with three European doctors to organize and equip a hospital. Shortly after arriving, she met Felix Bauer, a native of Vienna, Austria. They married on March 6, 1943. In October 1946, the Bauers moved to Due West, South Carolina, where Felix Bauer taught music and art at Erskine College until he retired in 1979; Martha Bauer worked as a nurse until her retirement in 1981.
0.25 linear feet (6 folders)
Correspondence, photographs, and memoirs of Martha Mondschein Bauer, a Jewish nurse who escaped Germany by becoming a volunteer nurse in England and the Dominican Republic. Included is correspondence regarding her brother and her husband's parents, photographs of Mondschein's and Bauer's family members, and her husband Felix Bauer's memoir.
Materials are described at the folder level.
Materials donated in 2004 by Martha Mondschein Bauer.
Alternate Form of Materials
Digital reproductions of photographs and correspondence available online in the Lowcountry Digital Library.
Processed by Rebecca McClure, February 2011.
- Bauer, Felix, 1914-2006
- Bauer, Martha Mondschein, 1915-2011
- Holocaust survivors
- Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
- Jewish refugees -- Dominican Republic -- Sosúa
- Jewish refugees -- England
- Sosúa (Dominican Republic)
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Atrocities
- black-and-white negatives
- black-and-white slides
- digital images
- facsimiles (reproductions)
- Inventory of the Martha Mondschein Bauer Papers, 1940-2001
- Processed by: Rebecca McClure; machine-readable finding aid created by: Rebecca McClure
- Description rules
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources supported the processing of this collection and encoding of the finding aid.