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Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993



  • Existence: 1908 July 2 - 1993 January 24

Biographical note


Thurgood Marshall was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 to October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice. Marshall began his legal career in 1936 as Counsel to the Baltimore, Maryland branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1940, the NAACP created the Legal Defense and Education Fund, with Marshall as its Director and Counsel. He argued the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka before the Supreme Court of the United States, a case in which racial segregation in United States public schools was declared unconstitutional. In 1961 President Kennedy appointed Marshall to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Four years later, President Lyndon Johnson appointed him to be Solicitor General of the United States. On June 13, 1967, President Johnson nominated Marshall to the Supreme Court following the retirement of Justice Tom C. Clark. Thurgood Marshall was confirmed as an Associate Justice by a Senate vote of 69-11 on August 30, 1967.


  • Males




Languages Used

  • English

Found in 2 Collections and/or Records:

Dr. Dewey M. Duckett, Sr. papers

Identifier: AMN 1040
Collection Overview The collection contains three series. The first series consists of correspondence mainly regarding civil rights. The second series contains writings, speeches, and lectures related to Duckett's position as a doctor, civil rights activist, and member of the Council on Human Relatoins. The third series addresses duckett's affiliations such as the Palmetto Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical Association, the S.C. Commission on Civil Rights, and the Practical Nursing Program. It also includes...
Dates: 1949-1989; Majority of material found within 1952-1964

Judge J. Waties and Elizabeth Waring papers

Identifier: AMN 1033
Abstract Julius Waties Waring (1880-1968), a Charleston native and attorney became a Federal Judge in 1942. At the time of his divorce and remarriage in 1945 to Elizabeth A. Hoffman (1895-1966), he began to hand down more liberal decisions, such as equalizing the pay of black and white teachers and outlawing South Carolina's white-only Democratic Primary. He soon ruled that separate but equal was per se inequality. Because he and his wife socialized with African Americans and held...
Dates: approximately 1947-1964

Additional filters:

African American dentists 1
African Americans -- Civil rights -- South Carolina -- Rock Hill -- History 1
African Americans in medicine -- South Carolina 1
Discrimination in education -- Law and legislation -- South Carolina -- History 1
Political action committees -- South Carolina 1